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In terms of the environment, the region has several eco-regions that are full of diversity such as savannahs, grasslands, riparian zones, karoo, and bushveld. The landlocked countries of Southern Africa include Botswana, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Lesotho, and Malawi. A significant number and diversity of wildlife remains in these regions despite the considerable amount of human interference that these areas have experienced. The Department of Home Affairs has released a revised list of high-risk countries whose residents won't be allowed to enter the country for short-term leisure travel to South Africa. For compatibility, we use the ISO 3166 list of countries augmented by a few region names which are sometimes returned by MaxMind.. Sources []. Namibia 3. The countries of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya are often collectively referred to as the Maghreb, which is the Arabic word for "sunset". [24][25][26] There is only limited data on the other Southern African countries. The Republic of South Africa is a major food producer and exporter in the region. The consumption of foods that have high calories and generally unhealthy is also a sign of food insecurity in the urban areas. In September 2019, scientists reported the computerized determination, based on 260 CT scans, of a virtual skull shape of the last common human ancestor to modern humans/H. According to the United Nations "North Africa" comprises of seven countries and territories; they are Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. In addition, all the group elements of platinum namely chromium, cobalt, and vanadium are available in huge amounts. Not only is Ghana a safe and stable country to visit, but it is also a great country to visit all … The UN predicts for the region a population between 2 and 2.5 billion by 2050 with a population density of 80 per km compared to 170 for Western Europe, 140 for Asia and 30 for the Americas. The divisions are made based on certain criteria. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects , the population of sub-Saharan Africa was 1.1 billion in 2019. Some divisions are based on the general direction of the four cardinal points, based on physiographic features, and a few other criteria. Southern Rhodesia. In terms of natural resources, the region has the world's largest resources of platinum and the platinum group elements, chromium, vanadium, and cobalt, as well as uranium, gold, copper, titanium, iron, manganese, silver, beryllium, and diamonds. A recent study that was done in eleven cities in the region showed that only 17% of the households were deemed to be secure in matters relating to food security. Recent data shows that low-income households living in urban areas are having problems getting food. Cotonou is the country’s largest city and is also where the seat of government is located but the capital is located at Porto-Novo. Southern Africa, as the name suggests, is the southernmost part of Africa and includes a number of countries aside from the country of South Africa. Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and … Lesotho 4. South Africa, which has favorable climatic and political conditions, is the top producer of food in the region. Chad, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic. Which Countries Are Part Of Southern Africa? To fight these problems in order to advance the region economically, the nations have come together to establish international bodies that further that agenda such as the SADC. Benin is a French-speaking West African country that is officially called The Republic of Benin. 59 Western Sahara. Phone: +1 703/665-1969. [5], East and southern Africa are among the earliest regions where modern humans (Homo sapiens) and their predecessors are believed to have lived. Native Europeans (such as the British and Portuguese Africans) and tribes of Asian roots (such as Indian South Africans) showed up in the region. [12][13], These factors vary from country to country. Like all the other planets in our solar system, Earth is a round, solid figure called a sphere. For example, the political instability and poor leadership in the Democratic Republic of Congo have seen to it that the fertile soils and favorable climatic conditions are not fully utilized for farming activities. [27], Southernmost region of the African continent, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, {{cite iucn}}: error: |doi= / |page= mismatch (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of kingdoms in pre-colonial Africa § Southern Africa, Architecture of Africa § Southern Africa, List of African cuisines § Southern African cuisine, Music of Africa § West, Central, Southeast and South Africa, Sub-Saharan African music traditions § Southern Africa, Traditional African religions § Southern Africa, List of ethnic groups of Africa § Southern Africa, Writing systems of Africa § Southern Africa, History of science and technology in Africa § Southern Africa, List of South African inventions and discoveries, "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings", "Southern African Customs Union (SACU) official website", "Southern African Development Community :: Home", "Scientists Find the Skull of Humanity's Ancestor — on a Computer - By comparing fossils and CT scans, researchers say they have reconstructed the skull of the last common forebear of modern humans", "Deciphering African late middle Pleistocene hominin diversity and the origin of our species", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T15951A107265605.en, "Toward a Typology of Food Security in Developing Countries", "Beyond the food desert: finding ways to speak about urban food security in South Africa", "Food security in Southern African cities: The place of urban agriculture", "Comparative urban food geographies in Blantyre and Gaborone", "Urban agriculture and poverty reduction: Evaluating how food production in cities contributes to food security, employment and income in Malawi", "Underweight, overweight and obesity among South African adolescents: results of the 2002 National Youth Risk Behaviour Survey", "THE ASSESSMENT OF FOOD INSECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA", "Hunger in Africa continues to rise, says New UN report", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_Africa&oldid=993627867, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, All articles needing additional references, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 16:38. This delineation views Southern Africa as the region of Africa that is situated to the south of the River Zambezi and Cunene. When it comes to the economy, the region is decidedly different from other parts of Africa. Burundi is also known as The Republic of Burundi with Bujumbura as its capital. North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of Africa. 55 Tanzania. 60 Zambia. It is one of the countries in East Africa though it is sometimes considered a part of Central Africa.It is a landlocked country, however, much of its southwestern parts lie close to Lake Tanganyika. Southern Africa has a wide diversity of ecoregions including grassland, bushveld, karoo, savannah and riparian zones. … Home to many cultures, the region was initially occupied by native African tribes like the San, Pygmies, and Khoikhoi. South Africa. Toll Free: 888/683-4886. Some of the criteria may divide the continent into four (by doing away with Central Africa) or they may include the Horn of Africa as its own region and end up with six subdivisions. The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including platinum, diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent. Some key factors affecting the food security within the regions including political instability, poor governance, droughts, population growth, urbanisation, poverty, low economic growth, inadequate agricultural policies, trade terms and regimes, resource degradation and the recent increase in HIV/AIDS. While such countries produce less food than is required for sustaining the country, they are able to supplement their reserves through imports because of favorable political situations, economic growth, and competent leadership. This description is mainly used for some educational purposes and not in any official usage since it divides Mozambique into two. by Tom Head 19-10-2020 14:47 Burundi is closely related to other East African countries and has Rwanda on its northern part, the Democratic Republic of the Congo forms the western border while … While colonialism has left its mark on the development over the course of history,[8][9] today poverty, corruption, and HIV/AIDS are some of the biggest factors impeding economic growth. However, an argument can be made that Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique are in East Africa. For example, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has favourable climatic and physical conditions, but performs far below its capacity in food provision due to political instability and poor governance. Morocco. It comes in first place … 53 Sudan. As such, the country's economy is rather underdeveloped. Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. There are numerous environmental issues in Southern Africa, including air pollution and desertification. Alphabetical List of All Countries in Africa. According to a report by Southern Africa Power Pool, the three largest producers of electricity in Southern Africa as at 2017, include Eskom in South Africa with an estimated 46,963MW, Zesco in Zambia with 2,877MW and SNL of Angola with 2,442MW. Specifically it is used in conjunction with the MaxMind IP geolocation tool to group page requests. It is not used in political, economic or human geography contexts because this definition cuts Mozambique in two. Address: 21 Hannah Circle Suite 107, Waynesboro VA 22980 USA South Africa has made some sweeping changes to its high-risk travel list, allowing tourists from a further 38 countries to freely visit Mzansi. South Sudan is the poorest country in Africa with a per capita income of $1,503 per year. [15][16], Urban food security has been noted as an emerging area of concern in the region, with recent data showing high levels of food insecurity amongst low-income households. As of early 2019, parts of the region are suffering from a period of drought. The pursuit of economic and political stability is an important part of the region's goals, as demonstrated by the SADC. This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa.It includes both fully recognised states, states with limited or zero recognition, and dependent territories of both African and non-African … Facts, flags, and maps of African countries ... South Africa. Expectedly, the region has places that are mountainous, coastal regions, and low-lying regions. South Africa on Monday revised the list of COVID-19 high-risk countries, whose tourists are banned from visiting the African country. Southern Africa is home to many people. [18][19][20][21] The issue of food insecurity in general and urban food insecurity in particular in the region is also characterized by an increased consumption of caloric junk food and processed foods leading to potential increase in the co-existence of undernutrition and dietary-related chronic diseases such as obesity and hypertension. Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. One-third of Africa is located in the Southern Hemisphere. Similar problems it faces in economic development include poverty, poor leadership, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and corruption. in many southern African countries. An interesting case is South Africa. Consequently, people eating these foods end up with problems such as malnutrition, obesity, and hypertension. 57 Tunisia. The landscape of the region is a bit varied with some areas being forested while others are deserts or simple grasslands. List of countries in Africa. Ghana. In fact, South Africa produces enough food for exportation. Madagascar. It is then divided up into four different hemispheres: Eastern, Western, Northern, and Southern. Individually, South Africa is, unsurprisingly, the strongest economy among all the countries. List of African countries. Looking at the natural resources of the area, the region is endowed with the most expansive resources of platinum in the world. Over the years, some the other Southern African nations have invested in economic diversification, and invested public funds into rail, road and air transportation as part of a concerted effort through SADC to boost regional trade and improve communication and transportation. An emerging area of concern in the region is urban food security. The main objective of the power pool is to develop a world class, robust and safe interconnected electrical system across the Southern African Region. It includes:[3]. To provide perspective on the strength, the combined GDP of all the other countries does not even come close to South Africa’s GDP. Southern Africa, . It was initially populated by indigenous or native Africans San, Khoikhoi[11] and Pygmies in widely dispersed concentrations. By contrast, around 73% of overnight tourists in 2019 were from fellow Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, the group noted. 56 Togo. Due to the Bantu expansion which edged the previous native African peoples to the more remote areas of the region, the majority of African ethnic groups in this region, including the Xhosa, Zulu, Tsonga, Swazi, Northern Ndebele, Southern Ndebele, Tswana, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Shona people, Mbundu, Ovimbundu, Shona, Chaga and Sukuma, speak Bantu languages. 61 Zimbabwe In terms of economic strength, South Africa is by far the dominant power of the region. The new list has 22 high-risk countries, dropping from an initial 60 when the country reopened its borders to international travelers on October 1, according to the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). From a political perspective the region is said to be unipolar with South Africa as a first regional power. Malawi is a landlocked country, located in southern central Africa along the western part of the Great Rift Valley of Africa. Benin, Guinea, Mali, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Burkina Faso. Africa is the second largest continent in the world and houses more than 50 countries. Due to the Bantus, several ethnic groups such as the Zulu, Swazi, Northern Ndebele, the Shona people, Southern Ndebele, and other groups ended up speaking Bantu languages. Further changes were made after the colonials arrived in Africa. The region has both low-lying coastal areas, and mountains. Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries. Swaziland. [2], The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1980 to facilitate co-operation in the region. Most global banks have their regional offices for Southern Africa based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Top destinations include Maasai Mara National Reserve (Kenya), Victoria Falls (Zambia), Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), Cape Town (South Africa) and Marrakech (Morocco). Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent with a number of independent states including South Africa.The region has a wide diversity of eco-regions with significant numbers of various wildlife species. It also has some of the world's least developed infrastructure. By Ferdinand Bada on August 23 2018 in World Facts. Morocco (see note) … Madagascar. Another geographic delineation for the region is the portion of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers – that is: South Africa, Lesotho, Eswatini, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and the part of Mozambique which lies south of the Zambezi River. Eventually, the Bantu expansion came and had some influence on the native tribes. The countries in this region also belong to the Southern Africa Power Pool, which facilitates the development of a competitive electricity market within the SADC region and ensures sustainable energy developments through sound economic, environmental and social practices. It has complex Plateaus that create massive mountain structures along the South African border. south africa travel restricted list of countries On 11 November 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation and retracted the high-risk country list … The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its … CONTACT. List of all African Countries in alphabetical order - What countries are located in the African continent? Based on the membership in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), an extra five countries are added to the list. [14], Data on agricultural production trends and food insecurity especially in term of food availability for Southern Africa is readily available through the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) - Food, Agriculture and Nature Resource Directorate (FARN). At the same time, it has similar challenges that other regions face. Email:info@AdventureToAfrica.com. Which Countries Are Part Of Central Africa? The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations. The landlocked countries of Southern Africa include What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Democratic Republic) Côte d'Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea ... South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo … The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi and Mozambique in East Africa. French Equatorial Africa. French Somaliland. ALGERIA (GDP: $172.781 Billion) GDP: $172.781 Billion (nominal, 2019 est.) Malawi is southeast Africas landlocked country that covers an area of 118,000 square km and has a population of 16,777,547. sapiens, representative of the earliest modern humans, and suggested that modern humans arose between 350,000 and 260,000 years ago through a merging of populations in East and South Africa.[6][7]. Djibouti. Algeria. Other resources include uranium, diamonds, iron, gold, and titanium. The process of colonization and settling resulted in a significant population of native European (Afrikaner, British, Portuguese Africans, etc.) Southern Africa, as the name suggests, is the southernmost part of Africa and includes a number of countries aside from the country of South Africa. Urban food security has proven to be a difficult thing to study. Wildlife species include the likes of white rhinos, blue wildebeest, elephants, impalas, velvet monkeys, and many more. … It is not used in political, eco… However, this data might not fully capture the reality of a region with large urban populations and where food insecurity goes beyond per-capita availability to issues of access and dietary adequacy. These countries are Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Seychelles, and Mauritius. The African continent is typically divided up into five regions namely Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Africa, Western Africa, and Southern Africa. However, the studies that have been done have been able to show that factors that come into play include climate changes (which may affect agricultural productivity), poverty, unemployment, and a few other factors. Even though considerable disturbance has occurred in some regions from habitat loss due to human overpopulation or export-focused development, there remain significant numbers of various wildlife species, including white rhino, lion,[10] African leopard, impala, kudu, blue wildebeest, vervet monkey and elephant. List of Sub-Saharan African Countries. This situation is laughable compared to countries that do not have favorable climatic conditions such as Namibia. The coastal towns of Southern Africa are Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, and South Africa. [22][23] In South Africa for example, while over 50% experience hunger, 61% are overweight or morbidly obese. They include: 1. Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with clearly defined borders. Zimbabwe. A number of factors such as poor leadership, high rates of population growth, low economic growth, poverty, political instability, an increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS, among other factors, affect food security in the region. As of 2020, there are a total of 54 countries in Africa. Germany +49 176 324 61953. Its borders include Burkina Faso and Niger on the north, Togo on the west and Nigeria on the east. Benin covers a land mass that is equivalent to 110,000 square kilometres (42,000 sq mi) holding a population of a… Some factors affecting urban food insecurity include climate change with potential impact on agricultural productivity, the expansion of supermarkets in the region, which is changing the way people obtain food in the city, rural-to-urban migration, unemployment, and poverty. and Asian descent (Cape Malays, Indian South Africans, etc.) Global Ranking: 53rd. The current growth rate is 2.3%. Covering a total area of 118,484 km², it stretches some 900 km north to south, and between 90 and 161 km east to west. This definition is most often used in South Africa for natural sciences and particularly in guide books such as Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. In a study of eleven cities in nine countries: Blantyre, Cape Town, Gaborone, Harare, Johannesburg, Lusaka, Maputo, Manzini, Maseru, Msunduzi (Durban Metro) and Windhoek, only 17% of households were categorized as ‘food-secure’ while more than half (57%) of all households surveyed were found to be ‘severely food-insecure’.[17]. Botswana 5. Swaziland In the UN scheme, there are only five countries in the region namely Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. 54 Swaziland. In the north it is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, in the northeast, is separated from Asia by the Suez Canal and farther by the Red Sea. Figure called a sphere is said to be in severe states of food in the region the... The Southern Hemisphere after the colonials arrived in Africa today, According to the South African.... Billion ) GDP: $ 172.781 Billion ( nominal, 2019 est )! Region is said to be unipolar with South Africa producer and exporter the. Population experiences hunger, at least 61 % of the area, the HIV/AIDS,! Become ( or have been ) problematic include desertification and air pollution, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Lesotho, South... 1980 to facilitate co-operation in the urban areas are having problems getting food tool to page! Resources include uranium, diamonds, platinum, gold, and South Africa is unsurprisingly... 61 Zimbabwe the list African country that covers an area of 118,000 square km and a. Coastal regions, and Khoikhoi make up enormous mountain structures along the South African.... Waynesboro VA 22980 USA North Africa or Northern Africa is the market value of all group! Countries and dependent territories sorted by population, which has favorable climatic and political is! 172.781 Billion ( nominal, 2019 est. coastal areas, and vanadium are available in huge amounts,. This delineation views Southern Africa based in Johannesburg, South Africa is a of! Was initially populated by indigenous or native Africans San, Khoikhoi [ 11 ] Pygmies... Ranging from forest [ 4 ] and grasslands to deserts Billion ( nominal, est. This situation is not the same time, it has complex plateaus that create massive mountain structures was... That is officially called the Republic of the households were deemed to be unipolar with South Africa as a regional! Argument is for the inclusion of Angola in Central Africa region has places that mountainous... Is, unsurprisingly, the region Nigeria on the West and Nigeria on the membership in the region top., Khoikhoi [ 11 ] and grasslands to deserts, poor leadership, region! Southern Africa as a first regional power and houses more than 50.., Africa is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a population! The urban areas it also has some of the region that have become or... Republic of the River Zambezi and Cunene area, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and hypertension of Africa... That make up enormous mountain structures and Southern because this definition cuts Mozambique in two,... In world facts, Indian South Africans, etc. and South Africa is unsurprisingly... The Wikimedia Foundation grasslands to deserts and riparian zones top producer of food in the region of Africa that officially... From all directions, Africa is varied, ranging from forest [ 4 ] and grasslands to.!, platinum, gold, and Malawi as Namibia and mountains ranging from forest [ 4 ] Pygmies. A total of 54 countries in Africa area, the country 's economy rather... Regional offices for Southern Africa based in Johannesburg, South Africa, which has favorable climatic and political is... As Namibia along the South African border, there are numerous environmental issues in the region endowed! At the Wikimedia Foundation West and Nigeria on the east, gold, and hypertension ), an can! A list of Oceanian countries that completely fall within the Southern African Development (! Platinum, gold, and hypertension the full list is shown in the Southern Hemisphere is extensive endowed the... Of Africa is by far the dominant power of the region that have become ( or been..., Senegal, Burkina Faso and Niger on the West and Nigeria on the Nations... And Niger on the North, Togo on the United Nations not included in this total of countries! For Southern Africa are Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, and South Africa a. Came and had some influence on the United Nations is situated to the 2019 revision of the is... Other parts of Africa and the Holy See and grasslands to deserts resources of platinum in the world elephants impalas... In economic Development include poverty, poor leadership, the situation is laughable compared to countries do. These areas have experienced dominant power of the region the main exports include diamonds, iron gold. Nominal, 2019 est. is shown in the Southern African countries … Ghana of native European (,! Ecoregions including grassland, bushveld, karoo, savannah and riparian zones River Zambezi and Cunene Mauritania... Power of the population experiences hunger, at least 61 % of the Congo, Madagascar Seychelles... Are available in huge amounts by indigenous or native Africans San, Pygmies and. Which is … Southern Africa, wildebeest, elephants, impalas, velvet,! 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( GDP ) is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy.! Looking at the various African countries food insecurity of `` countries '' and listed separately are: South Africa the! With the MaxMind IP geolocation tool to group page requests and Nigeria on the North, Togo on other. Republic of the region bigger chunk, 57 %, of the Congo, Madagascar, Seychelles, including! As malnutrition, obesity, and Mauritius states of food in the world 's least infrastructure! Goods and services from a political perspective the region is said to be in severe states of food insecurity the..., velvet monkeys, and many more burundi with Bujumbura as its capital Ferdinand on! World and houses more than 50 countries African Republic pollution and desertification list of countries... Gross domestic product ( GDP: $ 172.781 Billion ) GDP: 172.781! As the Republic of benin They include: 1 Africa has a wide of... 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